Here is a full tutorial on how to install archlinux on a Lenovo ThinkPad X240.
No more Microsoft Windows
This tutorial will erase the windows partition.
Who needs to dual boot Linux & Windows when you have a lighweight system capable of launching 3 different Windows versions in VirtualBox and still be able to browse youtube.com while playing music in Spotify?
The Lenovo ThinkPad X240 is a powerfull PC machine. I am using it as my main developper machine.
I bought the I7, 256GB SSD, 8GB RAM model. It has two batteries, one internal and one external which seems to be a good idea.
I have been comparing it to some fellow coworkers macbooks and all I can say is that it's as fast as the most powerfull macbook pro.
This tutorial is heavily inspired by the beginners guide but only contains the necessary steps to get archlinux working on a ThinkPad X240.
Create a bootable usb key
For this step only, you need an already booted linux of course, on another machine or use an ubuntu live cd.
- Download the archlinux iso image
- Given that your usb key is mounted on
/dev/sdb, burn your ISO to the usb key like this:
sudo dd bs=4M if=~/Downloads/archlinux-2014.06.01-dual.iso of=/dev/sdb && sudo sync
You can now plug your usb key to your new pc.
X240 comes with a secure boot which prevents systems like archlinux to be easily bootable.
So we disable it.
- Boot then hit
- Enter bios setup. Go in security tab, disable the secure boot
While you are here, you might also want to enable virtualization in the security tab. So that when you will want to start virtualbox, it will work.
Activate the two virtualization options from the security tab.
Boot on the usb key
- Plug usb key
- Reboot your system. Hit enter repeatedly
- Change boot device, select usb key
I had to retry this step 2 or 3 times because the usb key was not showing. So retry if needed.
Now to the core of the installation process.
Using wired network for simplicity.
ip link set enp0s25 up
Interface name should be enp0s25, but
ip a should show you all interfaces if necessary.
If you need to go the wifi way even for installation, see the wiki.
We create partitions. The important note is that we need a specific partition for the UEFI boot loader. Because the X240 has a UEFI bios.
# erase all partitions, byebye Windows sgdisk --zap-all /dev/sda # partition your disk cgdisk /dev/sda # create 3 partitions: # 1. EFI system 512.0 MB # 2. Linux filesystem 230.0 GiB # 3. Linux Swap 8.0 GiB # create the filesystems mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/sda1 # EFI system partition mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda2 # Linux filesystem partition mkswap /dev/sda3 && swapon /dev/sda3 # Linux Swap # mount partitions mount /dev/sda2 /mnt mkdir /mnt/boot mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot
EFI partition needs to be at least 512.0 MB.
Pacman repository list update
We get a fresh list of European servers for pacman. So that downloads are fast.
# update pacman mirror list with fresh European servers, then uncomment every `#Server` line to activate the servers curl -o /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist "https://www.archlinux.org/mirrorlist/?country=FR&country=DE&country=IE&country=LU&country=CH&country=GB&protocol=http&ip_version=4&ip_version=6&use_mirror_status=on" && perl -pi -e 's/#Server/Server/g' /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
If you are not into the "copy paste this line in your root system" way, you can decompose this command and do eveything by yourself.
Now our partition and filesystems are ready. Install!
# install base-devel group packages # https://www.archlinux.org/groups/x86_64/base-devel/ pacstrap -i /mnt base base-devel genfstab -U -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab arch-chroot /mnt /bin/bash # activate en_US.UTF-8 as a locale to generate perl -pi -e 's/^#en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8/g' /etc/locale.gen locale-gen echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf export LANG=en_US.UTF-8 ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Paris /etc/localtime # Change Europe/Paris to something relevant to you hwclock --systohc --utc # choose a hostname and set it echo superarch > /etc/hostname # add your hostname at the end of /etc/hosts, right after first line `localhost` nano /etc/hosts systemctl enable firstname.lastname@example.org mkinitcpio -p linux # change root password passwd # install UEFI boot loader pacman -S dosfstools refind-efi refind-install # exit chroot exit # unount and reboot umount -r /mnt reboot
You should now have an empty but working archlinux installation.
Console login should work and you get to a shell.